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Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): High blood pressure affects 1 in 4 adults and occasionaly young people. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries (blood vessels), which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood to the body and it contributes to hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis.


Dr_Todd_Leslie_hypertensionWhat Is "Normal" Blood Pressure?

There are several categories of blood pressure, including:


·Normal: Less than 120/80


·Prehypertension: 120-139/80-89


·Stage 1 hypertension: 140-159/90-99


·Stage 2 hypertension: 160 and above/100 and above People whose blood pressure is above the normal range should consult their doctor about methods for lowering it.


What Causes Hypertension?

The exact causes of hypertension are not known. Several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including:



·Lack of physical activity

·Too much salt in the diet

·Too much alcohol consumption (no more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)


·Older age

What Are the Symptoms of Hypertension?

There are no symptoms or signs of hypertension, so you usually don't feel it. In fact,
nearly one-third of those who have hypertension don't know it. 

The only way to know if you have hypertension is to have your blood pressure checked.